1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇

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Trader had to know that our local time is GMT+8 , which most foreign broker are GMT+2(different broker may vary on offset),The Forex market open at our time 6.00 AM on Monday(GMT+8) (Daylight Saving ON right now,more about daylight saving can be search Google),Market Close at Saturday 6 AM (GMT+8).

交易者必须了解到我们的时区是 GMT+8 , 而交易商多数是 GMT+2(不同的交易商不同的时区设置),外汇开市时间是我们时区的 6.00 上午 星期一 (GMT+8) (目前Daylight Saving ON,更多Daylight Saving 详情可以谷歌搜索),市场关闭于每星期六的 6点 上午 (GMT+8).

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 1

Now that you know what forex is, why you should trade it, and who makes up the forex market, it’s about time you learned when you can trade.

It’s time to lean about the different forex trading sessions.

Yes, it is true that the forex market is open 24 hours a day, but that doesn’t mean it’s always active the whole day.

You can make money trading when the market moves up, and you can even make money when the market moves down.

BUT you will have a very difficult time trying to make money when the market doesn’t move at all.

And believe us, there will be times when the market is as still as the victims of Medusa. This lesson will help determine when the best times of the day are to trade.

Forex Market Hours

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Before looking at the best times to trade, we must look at what a 24-hour day in the forex world looks like.

The forex market can be broken up into four major trading sessions: the Sydney session, the Tokyo session, the London session, and Pipcrawler’s favorite time to trade, the New York session. Below are tables of the open and close times for each session:

Summer (approx. April – October)

Time ZoneEDTGMT
Sydney Open

Sydney Close

6:00 PM

3:00 AM

10:00 PM

7:00 AM

Tokyo Open

Tokyo Close

7:00 PM

4:00 AM

11:00 PM

8:00 AM

London Open

London Close

3:00 AM

12:00 PM

7:00 AM

4:00 PM

New York Open

New York Close

8:00 AM

5:00 PM

12:00 PM

9:00 PM

 

Winter (approx. October – April)

Time ZoneESTGMT
Sydney Open

Sydney Close

4:00 PM

1:00 AM

9:00 PM

6:00 AM

Tokyo Open

Tokyo Close

6:00 PM

3:00 AM

11:00 PM

8:00 AM

London Open

London Close

3:00 AM

12:00 PM

8:00 AM

5:00 PM

New York Open

New York Close

8:00 AM

5:00 PM

1:00 PM

10:00 PM

Actual open and close times are based on local business hours. This varies during the months of October and April as some countries shift to/from daylight savings time (DST). The day within each month that a country may shift to/from DST also varies.

You can see that in between each forex trading session, there is a period of time where two sessions are open at the same time. During the summer, from 3:00-4:00 am EDT, the Tokyo session and London session overlap, and during both summer and winter from 8:00 am-12:00 pm ET, the London session and the New York session overlap.

Naturally, these are the busiest times during the trading day because there is more volume when two markets are open at the same time. This makes sense because during those times, all the market participants are wheelin’ and dealin’, which means that more money is transferring hands.

Now, you’re probably looking at the Sydney open and thinking why it shifts two hours. You’d think that Sydney’s open would only move one hour when the U.S. adjusts for standard time, but remember that when the U.S. shifts one hour back, Sydney actually moves forward by one hour (seasons are opposite in Australia). You should always remember this if you ever plan to trade during that time period.

Let’s take a look at the average pip movement of the major currency pairs during each forex trading session.

PairTokyoLondonNew York
EUR/USD7611492
GBP/USD9212799
USD/JPY516659
AUD/USD778381
NZD/USD627270
USD/CAD579696
USD/CHF6710283
EUR/JPY102129107
GBP/JPY118151132
AUD/JPY98107103
EUR/GBP786147
EUR/CHF7910984

From the table, you will see that the European session normally provides the most movement.

Let’s take a more in-depth look at each of the session, as well as those periods when the sessions overlap.

In the forex market, you buy or sell currencies.

Placing a trade in the foreign exchange market is simple: the mechanics of a trade are very similar to those found in other markets (like the stock market), so if you have any experience in trading, you should be able to pick it up pretty quickly.

The object of forex trading is to exchange one currency for another in the expectation that the price will change, so that the currency you bought will increase in value compared to the one you sold.

Example:

Trader’s ActionEURUSD
You purchase 10,000 euros at the EUR/USD exchange rate of 1.1800+10,000-11,800*
Two weeks later, you exchange your 10,000 euros back into U.S. dollar at the exchange rate of 1.2500-10,000+12,500**
You earn a profit of $7000+700

*EUR 10,000 x 1.18 = US $11,800

** EUR 10,000 x 1.25 = US $12,500

 

An exchange rate is simply the ratio of one currency valued against another currency. For example, the USD/CHF exchange rate indicates how many U.S. dollars can purchase one Swiss franc, or how many Swiss francs you need to buy one U.S. dollar.

How to Read a Forex Quote

Currencies are always quoted in pairs, such as GBP/USD or USD/JPY. The reason they are quoted in pairs is because in every foreign exchange transaction, you are simultaneously buying one currency and selling another. Here is an example of a foreign exchange rate for the British pound versus the U.S. dollar:

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 3
The first listed currency to the left of the slash (“/”) is known as the base currency (in this example, the British pound), while the second one on the right is called the counter or quote currency (in this example, the U.S. dollar).

When buying, the exchange rate tells you how much you have to pay in units of the quote currency to buy one unit of the base currency. In the example above, you have to pay 1.51258 U.S. dollars to buy 1 British pound.

When selling, the exchange rate tells you how many units of the quote currency you get for selling one unit of the base currency. In the example above, you will receive 1.51258 U.S. dollars when you sell 1 British pound.

The base currency is the “basis” for the buy or the sell. If you buy EUR/USD this simply means that you are buying the base currency and simultaneously selling the quote currency. In caveman talk, “buy EUR, sell USD.”

You would buy the pair if you believe the base currency will appreciate (gain value) relative to the quote currency. You would sell the pair if you think the base currency will depreciate (lose value) relative to the quote currency.

First, you should determine whether you want to buy or sell.

If you want to buy (which actually means buy the base currency and sell the quote currency), you want the base currency to rise in value and then you would sell it back at a higher price. In trader’s talk, this is called “going long” or taking a “long position.” Just remember: long = buy.

If you want to sell (which actually means sell the base currency and buy the quote currency), you want the base currency to fall in value and then you would buy it back at a lower price. This is called “going short” or taking a “short position”. Just remember: short = sell.

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 4

“I’m long AND short.”

Bid/Ask

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 5
“How come I keep getting quoted with two prices?”
All forex quotes are quoted with two prices: the bid and ask. For the most part, the bid is lower than the ask price.

The bid is the price at which your broker is willing to buy the base currency in exchange for the quote currency. This means the bid is the best available price at which you (the trader) will sell to the market.

The ask is the price at which your broker will sell the base currency in exchange for the quote currency. This means the ask price is the best available price at which you will buy from the market. Another word for ask is the offer price.

 

The difference between the bid and the ask price is popularly known as the spread.

On the EUR/USD quote above, the bid price is 1.34568 and the ask price is 1.34588. Look at how this broker makes it so easy for you to trade away your money.

If you want to sell EUR, you click “Sell” and you will sell euros at 1.34568. If you want to buy EUR, you click “Buy” and you will buy euros at 1.34588.

Now let’s take a look at some samples.

开始外汇交易时,有必要了解的交易时间常识

因外汇全球化交易的性质,外汇市场是一天24小时都可以交易的。对于交易者来说,了解主要市场的活跃时间段,以及如何将这些信息应用到交易中,是十分重要的。

一个普遍的法则是,特定的货币对通常在其特定的市场开市时的交易最为活跃。例如,GBP英镑及其相关货币对,尽管24小时都可以交易且交易量活跃,但在伦敦市场开市期间,其趋势是最为活跃且广泛交易的。与此同时,JPY日元及其相关货币对会在东京交易日的时候尤为活跃。

以下是主要外汇市场的开市时间:

伦敦(London) – 美东时间 早上3点到中午12点(夏令时的北京时间下午15点到凌晨24点); 约占总外汇交易量的35%
纽约(New York) – 美东时间早上8点到下午17点(夏令时的北京时间晚上20点到翌日凌晨5点); 约占外汇总交易量的20%
悉尼(Sydney) – 美东时间下午17点到翌日凌晨2点 (夏令时的北京时间早上5点到下午14点); 约占外汇总交易量的4%
东京(Tokyo) – 美东时间晚上19点到翌日凌晨4点 (夏令时的北京时间早上7点到下午16点); 约占外汇总交易量的6%

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 2

以上信息可以通过不同的途径进行应用。在给定的时间内成交量越大(所有给定条件相同),点差就越窄。更大的流动性意味着更低的点差

同样,我们可以看到在美东时间早上8点到11点(夏令时的北京时间晚上20点到23点),两个最大的外汇交易市场(伦敦和纽约)相互重合了3个小时。这代表着这三个小时对于许多交易者来说是关键的交易时段。需要注意的是,每个交易日都可能有所不同,因此不能保证每天的这个时间框架内都会产生那么令人难以置信的交易量。但是,在伦敦市场和纽约市场同时开放并交易的情况下,可能会有更多的交易机会出现。

我们同样可以看到东京和悉尼市场的交易时间也重合了,但是它并不像纽约与伦敦市场的重合那样有意义,因为两个市场的交易量都相对较少。

周末交易

外汇市场永远不会有严格意义上的关闭,但实际上所有主要银行和交易商在周末是关闭的。周末的流动性是如此的小,以至于它不能提供给交易者许多交易机会。当一些基本面新闻在周末公布时,一些价格变化可能会发生,但基本上货币对走势的变动都可以忽略不计,交易量也非常的少,这些都使得交易执行困难且点差很大。因此,福汇交易平台会在周五的美东时间下午5点关闭,并在周日的美东时间下午5点重开。

由于交易者的情况各有不同,交易者们可以决定是留着仓位过周末,还是在周末休市前平掉所有仓位。

到这里,您应该已经了解了在外汇市场中需要知道的关于交易时间的信息。

 

你如何交易外汇?

现在,是时候学习怎样大量地大捞美钞了!

如何在外汇中赚钱

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 7
在外汇交易市场中,你通过买卖货币来进行交易。

其实在外汇市场中进行交易,是件很简单的事情:交易的机制基本上,和其他市场的机制很类似(比如股票市场),所以,如果您有过任何交易的经验,你应该能够很快学会怎么进行外汇交易。

外汇交易的目标,是用一种货币A去兑换另一种,你预期中价格会变化的货币B。这样,你刚买下的货币,就会比你刚卖的货币更有价值。

例如:

交易者的动作欧元美元
你在欧元/美元的兑换率为 1.1800 时,用美元买入10,000 的欧元+10,000-11,800
两个星期后,当欧元/美元的兑换率为1.2500时,                                           你把10,000的欧元卖出,买回美元-10,000+12,500
你赚得 $700 的利润      0   +700

兑换率只是一种货币 与 另一种货币的价值比率,简称汇率。例如,美元/瑞郎 的兑换率,只是表示了 1美元 可以购买多少的瑞士法郎 或者 需要用多少瑞士法郎来兑换 1美元。


如何看懂外汇报价

       货币们总是以货币对的形式来报价,如 英镑/美元 或 美元/日元。原因是在每一次的外汇交易中,你买入了一种 同时 卖出了另一种。这是一个 英镑 兑换 美元 的例子:

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 8
       在 斜线(“/”)左边 的第一个货币被称为 基础货币(在这个例子中是英镑),而 右边的第二个货币是所谓的报价货币(在这个例子中是美元)。
当你想下买单时,这汇率会告诉你,要付出多少的 报价货币单位,才能买到 一个单位 的基础货币。在上面的例子中,你必须支付1.51258 的美元 才能买到 1英镑。
当卖出时,这汇率会告诉你,卖出一个单位 的基础货币,可以得到多少单位的报价货币。在上述的例子中,当你卖出 1英镑 时,就会获得1.51258美元。
基础货币是买入或卖出时的“依据”。如果您买入 欧元/美元,这意味着你买进了 基准货币,同时卖出了 报价货币。 用原始的话说,就是“买入欧元,卖出美元。”
如果您认为 基础货币 相对 报价货币 而言将会升值(汇率上升)的话,那么你应该买进。相反,如果你认为 基础货币 相对 报价货币 而言将会贬值(汇率下降),那么你应该卖出。

做多 / 做空

       首先,你需要决定是 买进 还会 卖出。
如果您想买进(这意味着买入 基础货币 同时 卖出 报价货币),那么您是认为 基础货币将会升值,之后你将以 更加高的价格 卖出。用交易的术语来说,这就是所谓的“做多”或成为“多头”。只要记住:做长 = 买进。
如果您想卖出(这意味着卖出 基础货币 同时 买入 报价货币),那么您是认为 基础货币将会贬值,之后你将以 更加低的价格 买回。用交易的术语来说,这就是所谓的“做空”或成为“空头”。只要记住:做空 = 卖出。
1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 9
“我是又长又矮。”

卖价 / 买价

1.3 How We Trade Forex 如何交易外汇 5

为什么我总是收到两个报价?

所有外汇的报价,都以两个价格出现:卖家报价(ask) 和 买家报价(bid) 。大多数的情况下,买家报价 总是低于 卖家报价。

       买家报价是指,你的经纪商愿意用这价格的汇率,来买进你的基础货币。这意味着 买家报价,是你将基础货币出售(Sell)给市场,的最佳价格。

卖家报价是指,你的经纪商愿意用这价格的汇率,来卖给你些基础货币。这意味着 卖家报价,是你从市场购买(Buy)基础货币的最佳价格。卖家报价 的另一个词,叫做:收购价格。       卖家报价 和 买家报价 之间的价差,通常称之为:点差 (spread)。

在上面的 欧元/美元 报价中,卖价是1.34568,买价是1.34588。仔细看看这经纪商,是如何简单的安排你买卖时的报价。

如果你想卖 欧元,你点击“卖出”,您将在1.34568汇率出售欧元。如果您想购买欧元,你点击“买进”,您将在1.34588汇率买进欧元。

现在就去找些样本看看吧。

2020-01-07T20:00:39+08:00February 10th, 2015|

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